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【BC】Is your child a critical thinker? (6 tips) | 你的孩子是一个批...

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纽约客少儿英语 发表于 2016-10-12 14:47:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Is your child a critical thinker? (6 tips)
你的孩子是一个批判性思维者吗?

Critical thinking skills are skills that children (and adults) need to learn to be able to solve problems. This includes analyzing and evaluating information that is provided,whether that information is through observation, experience or communication. The core of critical thinking is being responsive to information and not just accepting it. Questioning is the most important part of critical thinking. Itis a part of scientific, mathematical, historical, economic and philosophicalthinking, all of which are necessary for the future development of our society.

批判式思维是小孩(以及成人)学会解决问题的一种技巧。这就包括分析已经得到的信息,不论这些信息是通过观察,实验或是交流得到的。批判式思维的关键就是不单纯的接收得到的信息。提问是批判式思维最重要的部分。它是科学,数学,历史,经济以及哲学思考的一部分,也是我们未来社会发展的必需品。



However, critical thinking is not a skill that a child should learn only in school, but also at  home. Here are a few ways to teach critical thinking that can be used as a parent.

然而,小朋友不仅仅要在学校里学习批判式思维,同时也要在家里进行锻炼。下面的几种方式可以帮助家长锻炼批判式思维。



(1)Observe and draw conclusions |  观察以及给出结论
  • When children begin to make detailed observations about objects or information, they are then able to draw conclusions or make judgments based on those observations.
  • When a child asks the question"Why?," respond with "Why do you think?" to encourage the child to draw his or her own conclusions.
  • This is the beginning of scientific observation skills that will be useful and necessary throughout life.
  • 当小朋友开始详细讲出他们的观察或者得到的信息时,他们可以基于自己的观察得出结论或是做出评价。
  • 当一个小朋友问为什么?你应该回答“为什么你会这么想呢?”去鼓励孩子得出自己的结论
  • 这是科学观察技巧的开始。



(2) Compare and contrast items and topics | 比较以及对比不同的事物和主题
  • This allows children to tell the ways things are similar and different and helps them analyze and categorize information.
  • A simple example of this activity is to have children compare and contrast an apple and an orange. Allow them to describe all theways they are similar and different.
  • 这可以教会小朋友去比较相似或是不同的事物,可以帮助他们分析以及分类他们所得到的信息。
  • 举一个简单的例子就是让小朋友比较苹果和橘子。让他们列举出两种水果的相同和不通点。



(3)Discuss and analyze stories | 讨论和分析故事
  • Have children "retell" a story you have read in their own words. This encourages them to summarize the main ideas of the story instead of just responding to specific questions with facts.
  • Ask questions that do not have direct answers in the story. This makes the children infer and draw their own conclusions based on their understanding of the story. An example of this would be to ask "What do you think the author meant when...?" or "Why do you think the character...?".
  • 让小朋友复述你讲过的故事或是话。这样可以激励他们总结故事的中心思想而不是单纯的回答你所提出的问题。
  • 问一些没有故事中没有明显答案的问题。这可以使他们用自己的理解去回答问题,像是“你认为作者当。。。的时候想表达什么意思?”或是“你为什么觉得这个角色。。。?”



(4)Learn cooperatively | 合作式学习
  • Providing cooperative learning opportunities will help children develop critical thinking skills as they share ideas and learn from each another.
  • Encourage children to read stories together and share their evaluations of the story. This can spark a healthy debate with older children, in which they must defend their opinions.
  • 提供合作学习的机会可以帮助小朋友提升批判式思维思考的技巧,这样他们可以分享的自己想法以及互相学习。
  • 鼓励小朋友一起读书,然后分享自己对故事的见解。这样可以让他们跟年龄大一点的孩子辩论,然后他们必须捍卫自己的观点。



(5)Provide stories without conclusions | 提供一个没有结局的故事
  • Telling a story without an ending and asking the children to finish the story is another way to encourage critical thinking skills such as synthesis. The children must take the information from the story and creatively compile it, draw conclusions and come up with their own ending.
  • This can also be done by asking a child "What do you think happened next?" on a familiar story that does have an ending, such as a fairy tale.
  • 讲一个没有结局的故事让小朋友自己去写一个结局,这样可以激发他们的批判式思维。这要求小朋友必须仔细阅读然后发挥想象力去完成。
  • 你可以这样问“你认为接下来会发生什么呢?”



(6)Practice the Socratic method | 联系苏格拉底法
  • Socrates was famous for teaching critical thinking through questioning. Children are already naturals at questioning, so turn the tables a little and question them back. Take an opposite position and try to get them to defend their opinions on a topic by asking pointed questions.
  • 苏格拉底非常著名的就是批判式思维的提问。小朋友天生很喜欢提问,所以转变一下换做你来问他们。站在他们对立的角度让他们自己捍卫自己的观点。





Now that you have learned some of the tips to teach your child critical thinking skills, there is another question that arises:

Are you, as a parent, a good enough critical thinker to properly train your child?

现在你应该学会了一些教小朋友批判式思维的方法,不过出现了一个新的问题:

作为一个家长,你是一名合格的批判式思维者去训练你的小朋友吗?

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 楼主| 纽约客少儿英语 发表于 2016-10-12 14:49:25 | 显示全部楼层
专注解决孩子英语学习问题,关注孩童创新思维教育。微信:teacher_wang111

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